Collectivity of the low-lying dipole strength in relativistic random phase approximation

Giant isovector dipole resonances and the corresponding low-lying response
are described in the framework of self-consistent relativistic RPA over the
entire range of periodic table. Collectivity of excitations in the
low energy region is investigated, in order to disclose its relation
with collective soft dipole (Pygmy) resonances. For the light neutron
rich nuclei, the low-lying peaks show no evidence of collectivity.
When moving toward heavier nuclei, many neutron particle-hole configurations
participate in the low lying energy region, and degree of collectivity
increases. The corresponding relativistic RPA transition densities and
velocity distributions display collective vibrations of the excess
neutrons against the proton-neutron core.

- Introduction
- Isovector dipole excitations in the relativistic RPA
- Low-lying dipole strength in oxygen and calcium isotopes
- Onset of collective low-energy dipole resonances
- Conclusions
- Bibliography

References:

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